Today Internet has turned 40. Forty years ago, a computer engineer called Len Kleinrock and his team gave birth to internet. On September 2, 1969, two computers send out some test data at Kleinrock’s lab at the University of California, Los Angeles. This is how internet came into picture. The Internet is actually the system of interconnected computers. This system uses TCP/IP protocol for data representation, signaling, authentication, and error detection. Millions of computers are linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections etc. The Internet carries vast pool of information through inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW). During late 60s, United States defense founded the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (also known as ARPANET) to support research and development on computer networks.
Under the banner of ARPANET, the Internet and Transmission Control Protocols were initially developed by American computer scientist Vinton Cerf and his team. Vinton G. Cerf is also known as the ‘father of Internet’. In 1984, concept of domain names was introduced with the launch of .com, .gov and .edu. In 1990, a physicist from CERN, Tim Berners-Lee came up with HTML, the language of internet. He showed how information could be transferred easily over the Internet by using hypertext.
He connected hypertext with the Internet and personal computers and built an information network to help CERN physicists share all the computer-stored information. Hypertext helped them to browse easily between texts on web pages using links. Info.cern.ch was the address of the world’s first-ever web site and web server, running on a NeXT computer at CERN. The first web page address was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. In 1993, Marc Andreessen and his team created Mosaic at University of Illinois. It was the first web browser that combined graphics and text on a single html page.
Top Internet using Nations in World ::
Now Internet has become part and parcel of our life. Without internet, we can’t imagine this world. It has made our lives simpler. It has evolved new forms of social interaction, activities and organizing. We use internet to access latest news, emails, weather forcast. We check our credit card and bank account details, do transactions, book train or plane tickets, use Google and other search engines to find about our random ideas, thoughts and interests. Now a days millions of internet users ( including me 🙂 ) are blogging on internet. Many people use chat, messaging, social networking websites and e-mail to make and stay in touch with friends worldwide. Let’s wish Internet, a very Happy Birthday.
What are your thoughts about Internet? Share your comments.